• The European Union’s action for the protection and promotion of human rights operates within a complex normative and institutional environment. Despite an original lack of competence in human rights, the European Union has nonetheless gradually developed mechanisms for the protection and promotion of human rights by the Union, its member states and third countries. Yet, the EU often faces strong criticism over its handling of human rights matters. This criticism results partially from shortcomings in the European Union’s human rights protection and promotion legal and institutional frameworks, but also from a misunderstanding of the EU’s role, competence and powers in relation to human rights protection in Europe and beyond. It is thus essential, for anyone interested in either EU law and policy-making, or human rights’ protection and promotion, to have a clearer understanding of the EU human rights framework and its interaction with other mechanism for human rights’ protection, as well as applicable standards and adjudication techniques. This course offers just this. After an introduction to the EU framework for the protection of fundamental rights in the EU, including substantive, institutional and procedural dimensions, the course will review and evaluate how the EU protects and promote human rights internally (with a particular focus on non-discrimination law and policy, and the protection of human rights in the field of freedom, security and justice), as well as externally, through the definition and implementation of the common foreign and security policy and development cooperation, and its participation in international human rights fora. Specific issues will be discussed depending on current developments and students’ interests (e.g. human rights and refugee protection, human rights and counter-terrorism, competition policy and human rights, protection of Roma minority, etc.)